Guided Reading:

What is it?

Guided Reading is when teachers choose books according to the students reading level, most times each student within the group are at the same level. While the students break up into their reading groups, the teachers sits with one group and works with their comprehension and reading fluency.

How do you do it?

1. Students should be divided into small groups (4-6 students). The younger the students the smaller the groups. (Learn more about grouping students).
2. Guided reading lessons are to be about 15-20 minutes in duration.
3. Appropriately levelled reading materials must be selected for the group and each child should have his/her own copy of the literature.
Learn more about reading levels/levelled materials.
4. Pre-Reading: The teacher establishes a purpose for reading through prediction making, vocabulary introduction, or discussing ideas that will provide the readers with the background knowledge required for the text.
5. Reading: The teacher observes the students as they read the text softly or silently to themselves. The teacher provides guidance and coaching to individuals based on her/his observations by providing prompts, asking questions, and encouraging attempts at reading strategy application.
6. Post Reading: The teacher asks questions to ensure that the text has been comprehended by the readers and praises their efforts. Further, the teacher may observe gaps in strategy application and address these gaps following the reading in a mini-lesson format.

7. What do all the other students do during the guided reading lesson?When you teach guided reading you are busy observing and instructing a small group of students. The other students in your class must be kept engage in a literacy activity while you are with your GR group. To ensure success of guided reading, be prepared to invest time upfront teaching your students the procedures you would like them to follow while you are busy with the GR groups. Once yoDiu are certain that the students can follow the procedures THEN focus on actually teaching guided reading.
View a list of possible literacy centers you can use to engage your "other" students in while you spend your time with a GR group.

How do you Assess it?

-Running records
-Ongoing observation
-Four Blocks Assessment
-Rubrics for reading, spelling, writing, comprehension

Common Misconceptions?

-Not even student benefits from reading in a group
Every student should benefit as they have a chance to listen in a smaller group setting to how their peers read and can learn from each other.

-Difficult finding enough books at the same level
The school should supply many books from different reading programs to allot for the number of students in the reading group.


Differentiated Instructional Strategies for Reading in the Content Areas
By Rita S. King, Carolyn Chapman, Rita King
Differentiated Reading Instruction: Strategies for the Primary Grades By Sharon Walpole, Michael C. McKena

Guided reading: good first teaching for all children By Irene C. Fountas, Gay Su Pinnell
More than guided reading: finding the right instructional mix, K-3 By Cathy Mere

Strategies for Integrating Reading and Writing in Middle and High School ...By By Karen D. Wood, Janis M. Harmon